Home CodeArduino An I2C Scanner for the Raspberry Pi Pico

An I2C Scanner for the Raspberry Pi Pico

by rp2040guy71

In this tutorial we will create an I2C scanner for the Raspberry Pi PIco.

Sometimes you get a sensor and are not sure the I2C address or you may have a sensor library that does not work for some reason and this may be becauseĀ  the sensor supports multiple I2C addresses and the default one inĀ  the library may be different from your hardware.

I have seen this with a few sensors and in particular OLED displays – the library may be 0x3C and the display is set to 0x3D

We have a couple of citcuitpython sensor examples on this site where we have to set the I2C address

raspberry pi pico pinout

raspberry pi pico pinout

 

Parts Required

Just a Raspberry Pi Pico required for this one

Name Link
Pico Raspberry Pi Pico Development Board

 

Code Examples

We have examples here for Micropython, Circuitpython and the Arduino IDE

Micropython

import machine
 
sda=machine.Pin(0)
scl=machine.Pin(1)
 
i2c=machine.I2C(0,sda=sda, scl=scl, freq=400000)
 
print('Scan i2c bus...')
devices = i2c.scan()
 
if len(devices) == 0:
  print("No i2c device !")
else:
  print('i2c devices found:',len(devices))
 
  for device in devices:  
    print("Decimal address: ",device," | Hexa address: ",hex(device))

CircuitPython

import board
import busio
 
i2c = busio.I2C(scl=board.GP1, sda=board.GP0)
count = 0
 
# Wait for I2C lock
while not i2c.try_lock():
    pass
 
# Scan for devices on the I2C bus
print("Scanning I2C bus")
for x in i2c.scan():
    print(hex(x))
    count += 1
 
print("%d device(s) found on I2C bus" % count)
 
# Release the I2C bus
i2c.unlock()

Arduino

If you have arduino support installed for the Raspberry Pi Pico then this all you need. We will do a write up of Arduino support in another article. I’m using the one from https://github.com/earlephilhower/arduino-pico

#include <Wire.h>
 
void setup()
{
  Wire.begin();
  Serial.begin(9600);
  Serial.println("\nI2C Scanner");
}
 
void loop()
{
  byte error, address;
  int nDevices;
 
  Serial.println("Scanning...");
 
  nDevices = 0;
  for(address = 1; address < 127; address++ ) 
  {
    // The i2c_scanner uses the return value of
    // the Write.endTransmisstion to see if
    // a device did acknowledge to the address.
    Wire.beginTransmission(address);
    error = Wire.endTransmission();
 
    if (error == 0)
    {
      Serial.print("I2C device found at address 0x");
      if (address<16) 
        Serial.print("0");
      Serial.print(address,HEX);
      Serial.println("  !");
 
      nDevices++;
    }
    else if (error==4) 
    {
      Serial.print("Unknow error at address 0x");
      if (address<16) 
        Serial.print("0");
      Serial.println(address,HEX);
    }    
  }
  if (nDevices == 0)
    Serial.println("No I2C devices found\n");
  else
    Serial.println("done\n");
 
  delay(5000);           // wait 5 seconds for next scan
}

You may also like

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More