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Get The Temperature from Raspberry Pi Pico

by rp2040guy71

In this tutorial we will read the Temperature from the Raspberry Pi Pico. The Raspberry Pi Pico has an internal Temperature Sensor which is connected to an ADC pin, using Micropython or the Arduino IDE we can read this temperature

The internal temperature sensor that comes with the Raspberry Pi Pico is connected to one of the Analog-to-Digital Converters. The ADC pin supports a range of values, which is determined by the input voltage applied to the pin.

In the Raspberry Pi Pico Board, the ADC pins support 12-bits, which means that the value can go from 0 to 4095.

The MicroPython code though can scale the ADC values to a 16-bit rangeĀ  which means the range of values that are available are actually 0 to 65535. The microcontroller operates at 3.3 V, this means that an ADC pin will return a value of 65535 at 3.3 V or 0 when there is 0v. So with some simple code we can easily get the value.

raspberry pi pico pinout

raspberry pi pico pinout

In the pinout above you can see the pins are labelled as ADC0 (31), ADC1(32), ADC2(34), and ADC_VREF(35), this is technically ADC3

If you looked at a pinout of the Raspberry pi Pico you may wonder which one of thes pins is actually the ADC pin well the temperature sensor does not connect to a physical pin on the board but is actually ADC4.

Parts Required

Just a Raspberry Pi Pico required for this one

Name Link
Pico Raspberry Pi Pico Development Board

 

Code Examples

2 code example, one for the Arduino IDE and one for Micropython

Micropython

import machine
import utime
 
sensor_temp = machine.ADC(4)
convert = 3.3 / (65535)
 
while True:
    reading = sensor_temp.read_u16() * convert
    temperature = 27 - (reading - 0.706)/0.001721
    print(temperature)
    utime.sleep(1)

We first convert the raw value to a voltage

convert = 3.3 / (65535)

From the RP2040 microcontroller datasheet, we see that a temperature of 27 degrees Celsius delivers a voltage of 0.706 V. With each degree the voltage reduces by 1.721 millivolts. Hence we get this formula.

temperature = 27 - (reading - 0.706)/0.001721

And the output was

13.93637
13.93637
13.93637
14.87265
15.3408

Arduino

If you have arduino support installed for the Raspberry Pi Pico then this all you need. We will do a write up of Arduino support in another article. I’m using the one from https://github.com/earlephilhower/arduino-pico

void setup() 
{
  Serial.begin(115200);
  delay(5000);
}
 
void loop() 
{
  Serial.printf("Core temperature: %2.1fC\n", analogReadTemp());
  delay(1000);
}

Open the serial monitor and you should see something like this

Core temperature: 15.9C
Core temperature: 15.9C
Core temperature: 16.8C
Core temperature: 17.3C
Core temperature: 17.8C

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